Oral pathology or diseases of the mouth can range from mild gum disease such as gingivitis to cysts and oral cancer. At Ramapo Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, we are committed to helping you to avoid oral pathology and to diagnosing and treating them quickly and effectively when they cannot be avoided. Our Goshen oral surgeon wants to make you aware of the ways to prevent oral pathology.
Gum disease typically forms as the result of unchecked plaque, tartar, food particles, and bacteria that get between your teeth and gums, leading to irritation. In its early stages, it is known as gingivitis and it can often be treated with a simple and painless periodontal cleaning. When gum disease is not treated early, however, it can become periodontitis. This means that the gums have become inflamed or infected. At that stage, a more thorough and invasive procedure called periodontal scaling and root planing is often needed to correct the problem. The best way to prevent gum disease is with a strong regimen of brushing and flossing, a healthy diet, and regular visits to our Goshen oral surgeon for a checkup.
Cysts, as well as abscesses and lesions, should be addressed as quickly as possible. Cysts can appear along the gum line, inside the cheek, on the tongue, or on the floor of your mouth. It might be a pouch or a sac of fluid or an irregularly shaped patch of skin. In practice, an oral cyst is a growth and it is important to have it removed. Our Goshen oral surgeon will test it to make sure it is benign. If it is not, this leads us to a more severe form of oral pathology: cancer.
Cancer can originate in any part of your mouth, but it most often starts in the lining of your lips. Some of the risk factors that are associated with oral cancer include smoking, chewing tobacco, heavy alcohol use, marijuana use, excessive exposure to the sun, and HPV (human papillomavirus). Men are at greater risk for oral cancer than women. If you note symptoms such as a sore on your lip that doesn’t heal quickly; a lump on your lips, gum, cheek, or inside your mouth; a white or red patch on your gums; numbness or pain in your tongue, lips, or mouth; or dry mouth, you should make an appointment to see our Goshen oral surgeon for an evaluation.